Detection of Ammonium Nitrate Variants by Canine: A Study of Generalization between Like Substances
Technical Report,01 Jan 2016,31 Oct 2017
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United States
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Leveraging the analytical capabilities of the Naval Research Laboratory in collaboration with the Naval Surface Warfare Center Indian Head Naval EOD Technology Division with funding through the Office of Naval Research, this research explored the capability of canines to generalize or discriminate between related target odors including single target odors and binary mixtures. The explosive targets used in this study were ammonium nitrates AN of various brands, manufacturing processes, or forms i.e. ground or prill. Mixtures included AN with fuel sources that commonly make up homemade explosives HMEs. The study went further to pose the question of how training increases or decreases the canines tendency to generalize between like substances. Concurrent laboratory analyses were carried out examining the volatile components available in the headspace of the AN variants.
- Ammunition and Explosives