Workshop on Information Engines at the Frontiers of Nanoscale Thermodynamics
Technical Report,23 Jun 2016,22 Jun 2017
University of California - Davis Davis United States
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Synthetic nanoscale machines, like their macromolecular biological counterparts, perform tasks that involve the simultaneous manipulation of energy, information, and matter. In this they are information engines systems with two inextricably intertwined characters. The first aspect, call it physical, is the one in which the system seen embedded in a material substrate is driven by, manipulates, stores, and dissipates energy. The second aspect, call it informational, is the one in which the system seen in terms of its spatial and temporal organization generates, stores, loses, and transforms information. Information engines operate by synergistically balancing both aspects to support a given functionality, such as extracting work from a heat reservoir.