Experimental Demonstration of Quantum Gain in a Zero-Sum Game (Open Access, Publisher's Version)
Journal Article - Open Access
Tsinghua University Beijing China
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We propose and experimentally demonstrate a zero-sum game that is in a fair Nash equilibrium for classical players, but has the property that a quantum player can always win using an appropriate strategy. The gain of the quantum player is measured experimentally for different quantum strategies and input states. It is found that the quantum gain is maximized by a maximally entangled state, but does not decrease to zero when entanglement disappears. Instead, it links with another kind of quantum correlation described by discord for the qubit case and the connection is demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally.
- Quantum Theory and Relativity
- Operations Research