Accession Number:



TRANSCOM-DLA: Roles and Responsibilities

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Final Report]

Corporate Author:

Institute for Defense Analyses

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



The Senate Committee on Armed Services, in its 2017 National Defense Authorization Act Report, asks whether there may be efficiencies that could be created by reorganizing or consolidating the U.S. Transportation Command TRANSCOM and the Defense Logistics Agency DLA. The Defense Departments Office of Logistics and Materiel Readiness tasked IDA to evaluate this question. The review concludes that 1 the DLA-TRANSCOM structure is working, and 2 the key challenge facing DODs end-to-end distribution system is achieving a seamless integration of the distribution functions of TRANSCOM, DLA, the military Services, and the Geographic Combatant Commands. More specifically, 1a no efficiencies would be gained from reorganizing or consolidating the two organizations 1b there are no functions that should on the basis of operational effectiveness or efficiency be returned to the military Services 1c additional economies of scale may exist in Service storage and distribution functions 1d a comparison of the DLA and TRANSCOM Working Capital Funds reflects the significant differences between their businesses, and demonstrates the need for improvement in TRANSCOM pricing transparency 2a the Commander of TRANSCOM must continue to lead improvements in DOD distribution capabilities through enhanced collaboration among all DOD actors and 2b effectively harvesting data across the end-to-end distribution system is crucial to improving DOD distribution.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]