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Multiplicative Attribute Graph Model of Real-World Networks (Author's Manuscript)

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Journal Article - Open Access

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Stanford University Stanford United States

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Large scale real-world network data such as social and information networks are ubiquitous. The study of such social and information networks seeks to find patterns and explain their emergence through tractable models. In most networks, and especially in social networks, nodes have a rich set of attributes e.g., age, gender associated with them. Here we present a model that we refer to as the Multiplicative Attribute Graphs MAG, which naturally captures the interactions between the network structure and the node attributes. We consider a model where each node has a vector of categorical latent attributes associated with it. The probability of an edge between a pair of nodes then depends on the product of individual attribute-attribute affinities. The model yields itself to mathematical analysis and we derive thresholds for the connectivity and the emergence of the giant connected component, and show that the model gives rise to networks with a constant diameter. We analyze the degree distribution to show that MAG model can produce networks with either log-normal or power-law degree distributions depending on certain conditions.

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  • Computer Systems

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