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A Dynamic Non Energy Storing Guidance Constraint with Motion Redirection for Robot Assisted Surgery

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Conference Paper

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Politecnico di Milano Milan Italy

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Haptically enabled hands-on or tele-operatedsurgical robotic systems provide a unique opportunity tointegrate pre- and intra-operative information into physical actions through active constraints also known as virtualfixtures. In many surgical procedures, including cardiac interventions, where physiological motion complicates tissue manipulation, dynamic active constraints can improve the performance of the intervention in terms of safety and accuracy.The non-energy-storing class of dynamic guidance constraints attempt to assist the clinician in following a reference path, while guaranteeing that the control system will not generate undesired motion due to stored potential energy. An important aspect that has not received much attention from the researchers is that while these methods help increase the performance, they should by no means distract the user systematically. In this paper, aviscosity-based dynamic guidance constraint is introduced that continuously redirects the tools motion towards the reference path. The proportionality and continuity of generated forces make the method less distracting and subjectively appealing.The performance is validated and compared with two existing non-energy-storing methods through extensive experimentation.

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  • Cybernetics
  • Medicine and Medical Research

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