COIN in Peace building: Case Study of the 2009 Malakand Operation
Journal Article - Open Access
Pakistan Army Pakistan Pakistan
Pagination or Media Count:
Since 2007, Islamic militants and law enforcement agencies have remained locked in a sporadic tussle for control in the Malak and Division of Pakistan.1 The division is located in the northern part of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province and borders the Federally Administered Tribal Areas FATA. It consists of the districts of Upper Dir, Lower Dir, Swat, Shangla, and Buner. An increased influx of radical elements from across the border and from other parts of the country resulted in the strengthening of informal miscreants networks and fundamentalist actors, ultimately resulting in the creation of a parallel state structure.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Government and Political Science