Stability Operations: From Policy to Practice
HQ Joint Multinational Readiness Center Hohenfels Germany
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The 2002 National Security Strategy of the United States of America led to a number of bureaucratic and policy changes. In 2004, the Department of State established the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization SCRS. It was charged with coordinating the Nations post-conflict and stabilization efforts. In 2005, the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID created an Office of Military Affairs. Its mission was to serve as the agencys focal point for civilian-military planning and interaction with the Department of Defense DOD and foreign militaries. On November 28, 2005, DOD published Directive 3000.05, which established stability operations as a core U.S. military mission with the same priority as combat operations. Over the next few years, DOD also issued new military doctrine Field Manual FM 324, Counterinsurgency, and FM 307, Stability Operations. The latter defines stability operations as the various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe, secure environment, provide essential government services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief.1 Complementing changing military doctrine, in 2009 the United States Institute of Peace and the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute offered a civilian perspective on reconstruction and stabilization operations with its Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction.2 As with most doctrine, this document is broadly framed to give units flexibility in dynamic and complex environments. While useful at the strategic level, Guiding Principles does not help field practitioners beyond the theoretical understanding of counterinsurgency or stabilization.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics