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Case Study of Model-Based Inversion of the Angle Beam Ultrasonic Response from Composite Impact Damage (Postprint)

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Journal Article - Open Access

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University of Dayton Research Institute Dayton United States

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The U.S. Air Force seeks to improve lifecycle management of composite structures. Nondestructive characterization of damage is a key input to this framework. One approach to characterization is model-based inversion of ultrasound inspection data however, the computational expense of simulating the response from damage represents a major hurdle for practicality. A surrogate forward model with greater computational efficiency and sufficient accuracy is, therefore, critical to enable damage characterization via model-based inversion. In this work, a surrogate model based on Gaussian process regression GPR is developed on the chirplet decomposition of the simulated quasi-shear scatter from delamination-like features that form a shadowed region within a representative composite layup. The surrogate model is called in the solution of the inverse problem for the position of the hidden delamination, which is achieved with 0.5 error in 20min on a workstation computer for two unique test cases. These results demonstrate that solving the inverse problem from the ultrasonic response is tractable for composite impact damage with hidden delaminations.

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