Resilient Multi-Domain Command and Control: Enabling Solutions for 2025 with Virtual Reality
Air War College, Air University Maxwell AFB United States
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The emerging threat environment in 2025 and later is challenging for forward operating positions in theater. The emergence of survivable, long-range, precision weapons in the air, space, and cyber domains puts previously remote, monolithic, command and control C2 sites, such as the theater Air Operation Centers AOC, at risk. The Multi-Domain Command and Control MDC2 concepts Multi-Domain Operation Center MDOC offers structural changes that could improve resilience, but is not planned for implementation until 2035. Emerging commercial virtual reality VR systems could distribute many AOC functions now, and accelerate the transition to the MDOC structure such that resilience could be increased against the 2025 threat. Distributed, collaborative VR technologies, leveraging emerging commercial capabilities, and supporting technologies are identified and discussed for each of these product types. Spinoffs supporting tactical C2 are pointed out, but not covered in this paper. Considerations for training and acquisition are highlighted. Recommendations include technology demonstrations in the AOC framework, and inclusion of distributed VR in the MDC2 experimentation campaign, and continued interaction with the game development industry.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics