Evaluating Efficiencies in Preventive Medicine: Comparing Approaches Between the Services
AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
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As the Department of Defense struggles against financial constraints and personnel shortfalls coupled with increasing mission requirements efficiency becomes paramount in all aspects of operations. While the preventive medicine mission is successfully completed in the Air Force, Army, and Navy, each branch has selected a different model for fulfilling the responsibilities associated with Occupational and Environmental Health OEH, Health Risk Management HRM, and Radiation Safety Officers RSO. This paper asks the question, Does the value of the Air Force Bioenvironmental Engineering model create more efficiency for the warfighter and taxpayer than more specialized approaches in the other branches of the military The evaluation framework is used to determine if the value of the Bioenvironmental Engineering model creates more efficiency for the warfighter and taxpayer than the more specialized approaches in the other Services. The purpose of this research was to determine the efficiency of the Air Force, Army, and Navy models of fulfilling the OEH, HRM, and RSO roles and responsibilities. The different career fields were evaluated and compared with regard to training time and cost to fully qualify someone to work in that career field, manning usage to cover the different roles and responsibilities, and manning distribution between United States Active Duty facilities. The results of this research found that the Air Force model was most efficient at covering OEH, HRM, and RSO, but was the most inefficient when it came to training time and cost for qualified members.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Forces and Organizations