Postpartum Policies For Military Mothers: Their Impact On Retention Of Female Air Force Officers
AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL MAXWELL AFB United States
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Women are leaving the military at a higher rate than their male counterparts. While there is no one reason that women are separating, work-family balance issues have often been noted as a cause. Recently, the Air Force released multiple policies that could help increase the retention of women in the military including increased maternity leave, increased post-partum deployment deferment, increased exemption time for post-partum fitness assessment, and the career intermission program. This research conducted a literature review in conjunction with interviews of women that are currently serving in the military to determine the effectiveness of these policies to increase the retention of women. The literature review looked at each policy in depth and compared these policies to both the government civilian sector and the private sector. Women from different career fields, ranks and family situations were interviewed to gain a better understanding of why women continue to serve or separate and their perspectives on the new policies. The research concluded that these policies have the potential to increase retention, but that predicting retention is difficult because each career field is different and an individuals priorities change over time. It was determined that the Air Force is viewed as family friendly and supports a good work-family balance but is limited by its mission that must be accomplished.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations