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Bangladesh v. India: A Positive Step Forward in Public Order of the Seas

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Technical Report

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Center for Naval Analyses Arlington United States

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In the last five years, two international arbitrations have resolved decades-old maritime boundary disputes in the Bay of Bengal. The first, between Bangladesh and Myanmar, was resolved in March 2012 by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ITLOS. The second, between Bangladesh and India, was resolved in 2014 by a tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration PCA in The Hague. An earlier CNA study analyzed the Bangladesh v. Myanmar case and its implications for future maritime disputes. This study follows that up with an overview of the Bangladesh v. India case history, a legal assessment of the ruling, and an analysis of the implications of the ruling for India-Bangladesh bilateral relations, maritime disputes in the South China Sea and elsewhere, and for U.S. oceans policy.

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  • Government and Political Science

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