Towards a Model for Residual Hazards from CWA Contaminated Human Remains
Technical Report,01 Jun 2009,31 Oct 2013
TNO Defense, Security and Safety Rijswijk Netherlands
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The objective of the project was to obtain knowledge on the biological and chemical fate and residual hazard of chemical warfare agents CWAs on contaminated human remains and personal effects. The study was anticipated to provide input for the development of a model to predict the residual hazard in time after death, as well as new decontamination technology and protocols for the safe handling of contaminated human remains and personal effects. Experiments have been conducted in which hairless guinea pigs have been contaminated with various agents e.g., VX, sulfur mustard, through various routes of exposure. Subsequently, the fate of the agent after death of the animal has been followed by measuring levels of the intact agent and potentially toxic metabolites, both within the animal as well as on the skin. In addition, the fate of a number of agents on various personal effects has been determined.