Wartime Transitions: Historical Case Analyses Applied to the US Campaign in Afghanistan (2001 to Present)
Technical Report,05 Jul 2016,25 May 2017
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
Pagination or Media Count:
For the past seventeen years the United States has been at war in Afghanistan and has committed significant resources in developing the Afghanistan National Security Forces ANSF. Is the US transition of security responsibilities to the ANSF politically driven This question is examined as the US campaign in Afghanistan is compared to three other wars in which superpowers trained local security forces the British Malayan Emergency 1948-1960, the US War in Vietnam 1963-1975, and the Soviet War in Afghanistan 1979-1989. This study tests four hypotheses 1 more time is required to develop and transition responsibilities to a local security force in a host nation with weak infrastructure 2 several interrelated transitions occur at the tactical, operational and strategic levels before local security forces are able to operation independently without external nation support 3 a custom approach is necessary in security forces development based on political requirement established by the external nation and 4 host nations with a heterogeneous population take longer to transition than nations with a homogenous population. Further, the security dilemma is analyzed to discern if rival groups arm as a host nation builds its security force. This paper concludes that time spent on an advisory mission is much longer than what is generally recognized. As the United States continues to develop and transition responsibilities to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the ANSF, a long-term US commitment of at least 30-years is recommended to achieve a full transition.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Government and Political Science