Accession Number:

AD1039413

Title:

CONSIDERATIONS FOR FAILURE PREVENTION IN AEROSPACE ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS UTILIZING HIGHER VOLTAGES

Descriptive Note:

Technical Report,13 Dec 2015,23 Mar 2017

Corporate Author:

Air Force Research Laboratory, RQQE Wright-Patterson Air Force Base United States

Report Date:

2017-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

37.0

Abstract:

Electrical and electronic equipment used in aerospace applications must be designed to operate over a wide range of environmental conditions that include variations in pressure, temperature, and humidity. Electrical power systems for advanced aircraft utilize voltages well above the traditional levels of 12 to 42 VDC and 115200 VAC, 400 Hz. Current airborne systems can contain 270 VDC, and bipolar systems with a 540 V differential are appearing in certain applications. Higher potentials create increased probability of arcing and flashover compared to the risks associated with traditional ac or low-voltage dc. The low pressures of high altitude environments only serve to worsen such concerns. This report reviews the development of an international guideline document 1 containing methods of managing higher voltages in aerospace vehicles. Based upon research under this project, current literature and archival work, the guideline document 1 provides a basis for identifying high voltage design risks, 2 defines areas of concern as a function of environment, and 3 illustrates potential risk mitigation methods and test and evaluation techniques. The document is focused on electrical discharge mechanisms including partial discharge and does not address personnel safety. Some ofthe key areas of concern are power conversion devices, electrical machines, connectors and cablingwiring, as well as interactions between components and subsystems. In addition, the appendix to this report also provides detailed guidance for partial discharge testing of components in a simulated high altitude low pressure environment. The guideline document is intended for application to high voltage systems used in aerospace vehicles operating to a maximum altitude of 30,000 m. approximately 100,000 ft., and maximum operating voltages of below 1500 Vrms.1 Managing Higher Voltages in Aerospace Electrical Systems, AIR-6127, SAE International, 2017.

Subject Categories:

  • Electric Power Production and Distribution

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE