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NATO's partnerships: initiatives, institutions, and ideas

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Technical Report,06 Jul 2015,26 May 2016

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US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

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The fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact led to a fundamental change in the security situation in Europe and the world in the beginning of the 1990s. In this context, NATO also changed its policy. One outcome of this change was the establishment of formal partnerships with different countries in Europe and the bordering areas North Africa and the Caucasus region The Partnership for Peace PfP program, the Mediterranean Dialogue MD, the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative ICI, and finally the Partners Across the Globe PAG. Over the last two decades, these partnerships have developed all in all well and are mostly a success story with regard to achieving the goals of being interoperable, improving cooperation, and enhancing mutual understanding, even if they developed not equally well. This monograph shows the development of NATOs partnership policy over the last two decades and explains the main tools and achievements. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the partnership policy was successful in many regards It made some former Warsaw Pact members and other European countries ready to join NATO it supported the promotion of democratic ideas in Eastern European, Central Asian, and Caucasus countries it enabled partners to meet NATO standards it allowed partners to participate in NATO exercises it gave our partners the opportunity to gain a defined level of interoperability and it enabled as the ultimate goal - partners to participate successfully in NATO-led operations. Finally, this monograph shows the necessity to further develop the partnership policy in order to adapt it to the changing security situation in Europe.

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  • Military Forces and Organizations

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