Responsive Approaches in Small Wars: The Army and Marine Corps in the Philippines, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic
Technical Report,05 Jul 2016,25 May 2017
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
Pagination or Media Count:
Whether dealing with post-war instability, revolutions, insurgencies, or development missions, the United States military has a long history of confronting hostile forces hidden among civilian populations. This monograph seeks to answer the question What characteristics do successful military approaches share in stability operations This monograph shows that military leaders that addressed the sources of instability or set the conditions for another agent to address the sources of instability in a changing environment while maintaining focus on the mission objective were ultimately successful. The monograph uses case studies from the US Armys occupation of the Philippines 1902-1913, and the Marine Corps occupation of Haiti 1915-1934 and the Dominican Republic 1916-1924 to explore the various approaches used and identify characteristics that differentiated successful from unsuccessful approaches. During the Armys occupation of the Philippines, Leonard Wood, Tasker Bliss, and John Pershing modified their strategies to defeat an insurgency and bring Moroland under the control of the Philippine government. The Marine Corps modified their approach numerous times during the occupation of Haiti, and eliminated a robust Caco rebellion. During the occupation of the Dominican Republic, the Marine Corps used several different approaches to enable a political settlement with the Caudillo leaders.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics