Failure to Visualize and Describe Operations: The Evolution and Implementation of the Operational Framework
Technical Report,05 Jul 2016,25 May 2017
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
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Emerging trends from division-level warfighting exercises between 2014 and 2016 highlight the incorrect use of the Armys operational framework to visualize and describe the conventional battlefield, hindering the application of combat power within the operations process. A study of the US Armys operating concepts post-Vietnam AirLand Battle, Full Spectrum Operations, and Unified Land Operations and the US Armys leader development model identifies how the education, training, and experience of field-grade officers at the division level have influenced their use of the operational framework. The cause for incorrect usage originates with the evolution and implementation of the operational framework. A generation of officers trained in the operating concept of Full Spectrum Operations has failed to incorporate the planning of the deep, close, and support areas framework that has emerged in the operating concept of Unified Land Operations. These officers have failed in their incorporation of the framework because they lack the education, training, and experience for the use of the framework.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Military Forces and Organizations