Improvement of Coordination in the Multi-National Military Coordination Center of the Nepal Army in Respond to Disasters
US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
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On 25 April 2015, Nepal was hit by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake killing 9,979 and wounding hundreds more. This study examines the contribution made by the Nepalese Army NA in the establishment and implementation of the Multi-Nation Military Coordination Center MNMCC to coordinate the disaster assistance effort of 18 Multi-National Force MNF, and its troops. The findings show the existence of coordinating challenges faced by the MNMCC throughout the process. The paper explores the details and determines the changes needed in processes and procedures of the Government of Nepal GoN to establish the MNMCC as an effective coordinating mechanism. The research follows the case study method utilizing the Capability Based Analysis CBA approach to scrutinize the data collected. The study identifies the range of coordination challenges and causes behind it through the Doctrine, Organization, Leadership and Education, and Policy lenses. Concurrently, the study recommends the NA and the Government of Nepal GON to continue the best practice of conducting various disaster-related international and regional training and exercises. It further suggests in increasing bilateral, regional, and multilateral agreements with potential countries and subsequently, recommends in maintaining a robust information database to enhance assistance effort and eliminated duplication.
- Escape, Rescue and Survival
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics