Governance: The Mission Ingredient in Security Cooperation
US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States
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This paper proposes three recommendations for how Department of State DOS can more systematically incorporate U.S. good governance strategic objectives into the oversight of Department of Defenses DOD security cooperation and security assistance SCSA programs. First, DOS should utilize its existing concurrent authorities to create new DOS policy that support this objective. Second, this new policy should withhold DOSs concurrence on SCSA programs until a rigorous, systems-based assessment of the governance within the defense institutions is completed or a justification for deviation is approved. Third, that the foreign assistance guiding principle of do-no-harm, should be included in the future DOS guidance. Seven do-no-harm lessons include 1 norms and behaviors 2 leader incentives 3 accountability and reforming military justice 4 human rights 5 regional organizations 6 unified action through conditions and 7 rigorous SCSA monitoring and evaluations M and E in policy. This paper addressed five questions that facilitated these recommendations 1 SCSA program objectives 2 U.S. Governments strategic objectives 3 DOSs actual authority over DOD implemented SCSA programs 4 how DOSs oversight works in practice and 5 trends within the SCSA context regarding whether SASC programs support the foreign assistance principle of do-no-harm.
- Government and Political Science