Countering Islamic Radicalization Indonesian Experiences
AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The ideological power behind attractiveness of ISIS and other radical groups global propaganda campaign toward young generation of Muslim is based on Wahabbism ideology with the spirit of Pan Islamic Nationalism. This paper using Gramscian theory of hegemony to analyze how jihadist counterhegemonic movement have supported by Wahhabist campaign of spreading common sense among the Muslim which already accepted its as standard Islamic norms. The jihadist strategy is using war of position through persuasion or propaganda, to increase the number of people who share its view on the hegemonic order then radicalized unaware young Muslims to join the jihadist movement or uprising against the government. Then describes the Wahabbism as the ideological power behind Islamic radicals and this argument supported by the fact that they all have in common visions, strategies and objectives and dream to establish the Islamic state based on sharia. The next we discuss about Islam in Indonesia which so far could hinder the influence and less affected by Wahabbist radical groups propaganda. It could be done by the nature of Indonesian Muslim and strong influences by western educated Islamic scholar to contain radicalism messages, and finally using Indonesian experiences to propose the Indonesian way to stem the Wahabbism in other country, by controlling and modifying four areas related to public consent or common sense, such as education, language, religion and the media. This should be considered to control the influence of the message to the younger Muslim generation so that they are immune from radicalization and inducement of radical Islamic groups.
- Sociology and Law