U.S. and Department of Defense Building Partnership Capacity and Counter/Anti-Corruption: A Symbiotic Relationship or One at Odds
AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
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The inherent belief that Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness are indeed inalienable Rights and should be spread through promoting democracy is rooted in American history and still a foundational tenet found in Americas National Security Strategy NSS. The instrument of default, and often first choice, utilized to carry out Americas inherent beliefs has been the Department of Defense DoD, in part, through Building Partnership Capacity BPC initiatives. Although the NSS clearly states America needs to continue to promote democratic values, it also caveats and stresses the importance of countering corruption in US BPC nations in a time when resources are finite and hard choices need to be made. Placing these caveats on building partner capacity has been difficult and challenging especially when many of DoDs BPC initiatives occur in highly corrupt environments. This paper uses sub-Saharan Africa to analyze why counteranti-corruption objectives are not a substantive part of DoDs BPC portfolio despite the NSS counteranti-corruption emphasis. Three primary reasons are analyzed the lack of emphasis on counteranti-corruption in DoD strategic and support documents, Africa is a Sellers Market, and partners using extraversion as Soft Extortion. This paper utilizes DoD BPC experiences in Sub-Saharan Africa to provide a backdrop and specific examples to illustrate why counteranti-corruption objectives are not a substantive part of DoDs BPC portfolio. Finally, this paper concludes by addressing the negative consequences that have resulted due to the US and DoDs lack of substantive efforts to enact counteranti-corruption initiates in BPC nations.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics