FUTURE OF BANGLADESH-INDIA RELATIONSHIP-A CRITICAL ANALYSIS
AIR WAR COLLEGE MONTGOMERY United States
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Bangladesh-India relations were at their highest level during the period of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman during Awami League government from 1972-1974. Since then, these relations have been fluctuating for reasons like changes of governments and the political scenarios in Bangladesh as well as the non-cooperative attitude of India towards Bangladesh. However, relationships between both the countries have improved in the last 10 years during the two regimes of Awami League government between 1996-2001 and 2009-2015 as both the Prime Ministers have visited each others countries with the views to strengthen these relationships. Long outstanding issues like land enclaves, maritime boundaries and border demarcations have been resolved during this period through the constructive efforts by both sides. This paper critically analyzes the future relations between Bangladesh and India by examining the challenges and opportunities that will determine the course of the relationships between the two countries. It examines the past and present Bangladesh-India relationships and recommends appropriate steps to fix the unsettled issues like trade imbalance, water sharing discords of Farakka and Teesta Barrages, transit and transhipment issues for the improvement of the relationships of both the countries for the future mutual benefits. This paper will keep its scope within major unresolved issues for both the countries.
- Government and Political Science