Keeping up With The Neighbors: Nonproliferation and Implementation of UNSCR 1540
AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
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Liberal international relations theories predict that states with respect for the rule of law will more readily comply with their international obligations. This paper tests this prediction against compliance within the nonproliferation regime and specifically with UNSCR 1540, a resolution mandating that member nations enact domestic legislation to counter proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and certain dual use technologies. Using a rule of law measure based upon contract intensive money, the findings lend strong support for a positive relationship between rule of law states and compliance with nonproliferation norms. However, there is no support for the relationship between rule of law and implementation of specific UN-mandated tenets of UNSCR 1540. The influence of regional compliance is strong across both models. This study contributes to an understanding of the predictors of regime compliance, lending support to liberal theory and even the democratic peace literature.
- Government and Political Science