THE GLOBAL ZERO MOVEMENT: A ROAD TO NOWHERE
AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
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The Global Zero movement has gathered momentum in the past several years as its proponents have touted that theres a clear and viable path to creating a world without nuclear weapons by 2030. This paper examines the underlying foundations of the Global Zero movement and analyzes whether their fundamental assumptions are valid or flawed. First, this paper explains the origins of the Global Zero movement starting from the 1986 Reykjavik Summit, and how the influence of former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and former Senator Sam Nunn helped shape this movement to where it is today under President Barack Obama. Second, the Global Zero movement is defined and its action plan will be reviewed. Third, this paper examines and analyzes four of the Global Zero movements fundamental assumptions nuclear reductions by the United States motivate other countries to do the same the world is a safer place without nuclear weapons nuclear weapons did not deter 911 and de-alerting nuclear weapons leads to heightened global security. The question of whether or not the Global Zero movement efforts are a useful and beneficial endeavor is ultimately answered. This analysis sets the stage for the presentation of several recommendations for the United States on how to responsibly deal with nuclear weapons. These recommendations address the following areas nuclear weapon modernization R and D efforts on missile defense compliance with the New START treaty nuclear weapon safety best practices Iran nuclear deal follow-up, de-alerting of US nuclear weapons and compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
- Nuclear Weapons