A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF TOXIC LEADERSHIP
AIR WAR COLLEGE, AIR UNIVERSITY MAXWELL AFB United States
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Toxic leadership in the military is often seen in the form of bad command climate andor inefficient mission execution and is contrary to the militarys core identity of strong leadership. However, there are differing explanations as to the cause, solution, and even the definition of toxic leadership. This research contains collected and analyzed findings from the military and civilian sectors with a focus on the following aspects of toxic leadership definition, characteristics and behaviors, cause and effects, and solutions to provide a systemic view of the problem of toxic leadership. The overall finding revealed little difference between the military and civilian sector as it relates to this topic. Across all environments, the human element is the biggest similarity. Toxic leaders have a deep-seated sense of inadequacy that arrests their personal development or a failure to personally achieve Maslows fourth level related to esteem. However, a systematic solution set implements solutions at the leader, follower, environment, system and human nature levels offers the appropriate guard against the damaging effects of toxic leadership.
- Administration and Management