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Military Medical Leadership in Uniformed Medical Students: Creating a New Assessment Instrument Using the Delphi Method
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda United States
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Medical leadership in the military health system MHS has been identified as an area of concern. Development and assessment of medical leadership among uniformed providers continues to pose unique challenges to units and organizations within the MHS. The Uniformed Services University USU has been identified and tasked by senior Department of Defense DoD leaders to bring renewed emphasis on developing leadership especially among student physicians. Currently, the Department of Military and Emergency Medicine MEM, the academic department responsible for leadership development and assessment, has no leadership development instrument designed to assess medical leadership development in student physicians during the pre-residency years.This doctoral project created a medical leadership assessment instrument through a standard Delphi Method. A panel of civilian and military leaders served as experts who provided input on the development and critique of a brief leadership assessment instrument through aseries of online surveys. After the draft assessment was finalized through expert consensus, anadditional panel of potential users at USU participated in cognitive interviews, where the instrument was reviewed and critiqued for accessibility, style, and clarity. The new instrument, called the Military Medical Leadership Assessment MMLA, is discussed in relation to existing leadership theories commonly used within the military and at USU. Finally, the future of theMMLA as a valuable tool to improve civilian and military clinical practice is also discussed.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE