Accession Number:



Combined Biological and Chemical Mechanisms for Degradation of Insensitive Munitions in the Presence of Alternate Explosives

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Final Report]

Corporate Author:

Clemson University

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



The insensitive munitions IM 2,4-dinitroanisole DNAN and nitroguanidine NQ have been used in newly developed explosives as a replacement for the more sensitive munition, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene TNT. These new formulations are less sensitive to external shocks, for example heat or strikes, and as such they are safer to store, transport and use in battle conditions. The objective of this research was to quantify the rate and extent to which IM can be transformed by combined biological and chemical reactions with iron and FeIII-reducing microorganisms.

Subject Categories:

  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]