Combined Biological and Chemical Mechanisms for Degradation of Insensitive Munitions in the Presence of Alternate Explosives
Clemson University Clemson United States
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The insensitive munitions IM 2,4-dinitroanisole DNAN and nitroguanidine NQ have been used in newly developed explosives as a replacement for the more sensitive munition, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene TNT. These new formulations are less sensitive to external shocks, for example heat or strikes, and as such they are safer to store, transport and use in battle conditions. The objective of this research was to quantify the rate and extent to which IM can be transformed by combined biological and chemical reactions with iron and FeIII-reducing microorganisms.
- Ammunition and Explosives