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Effect of 2 Bedding Materials on Ammonia Levels in Individually Ventilated Cages

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Journal Article - Open Access

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U.S. Anny Center for Environmental Health Research Fort Detrick United States

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This study sought to identify an optimal rodent bedding and cage-change interval to establish standard procedures for the IVC in our rodent vivarium. Disposable cages were prefilled with either corncob or -cellulose bedding and were used to house 2 adult SpragueDawley rats experimental condition or contained no animals control. Rats were observed and intracage ammonia levels measured daily for 21 d. Intracage ammonia accumulation became significant by day 8 in experimental cages containing -cellulose bedding, whereas experimental cages containing corncob bedding did not reach detectable levels of ammonia until day 14. In all 3 experimental cages containing -cellulose, ammonia exceeded 100 ppm our maximum acceptable limit by day 11. Two experimental corncob cages required changing at days 16 and 17, whereas the remaining cage containing corncob bedding lasted the entire 21 d without reaching the 100-ppm ammonia threshold. These data suggests that corncob bedding provides nearly twice the service life of -cellulose bedding in the IVC system.

Subject Categories:

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Medicine and Medical Research

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