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Magnetometry with Ensembles of Nitrogen Vacancy Centers in Bulk Diamond

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Technical Report

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MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington United States

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This thesis summarizes experiments conducted to develop a high sensitivity vectormagnetometer using nitrogen vacancy NV centers in a bulk diamond sample. This project began by analyzing the sensitivity of a single NV orientation using a continuous wave electron spin resonance approach. A protocol for determining the diamonds orientation was developed to map vector magnetic field readings in the diamond reference frame to the lab frame. Preliminary vector field measurements and differential vector measurements were performed. Although these showed promising results, significant instrument and ambient magnetic noise limited the achievable sensitivity. A new frequency locking measurement technique was developed to allow for simultaneous measurements between two separate sensors for future differential experiments. This technique provides a host of other benefits including much improved dynamic range and steady-state immunity to fluctuations in line width and contrast.

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  • Electricity and Magnetism

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