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Reserve Officer Commissioning Program (ROCP) Officer and Reserve Personnel Readiness

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Technical Report

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Center for Naval Analyses Arlington United States

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During Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, the Marine Corps had to augment active component AC officers to fill vacant platoon leader billets at activated Selected Marine Corps Reserve SMCR units. In 2006, the Reserve Officer Commissioning Program ROCP was created to recruit non-prior-service officers into the SMCR. This study looks at the performance of the ROCP candidates and their effect on SMCR personnel readiness. We find that ROCP candidates perform similarly to their AC counterparts and tend to affiliate with the SMCR beyond their initial obligationsparticularly if they have active-duty AD experience. We also found a positive relationship between the presence of lieutenants at SMCR units and the retention of nonobligor enlisted Marines. We recommend that the Marine Corps explore opportunities to expand ROCP recruiting sources, provide ROCP officers with AD experience, and continue to monitor ROCP officers career development as the program matures.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

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