Rapid Extremity Pain Relief by Battlefield Acupuncture after Orthopedic Surgery: A Randomize Clinical Trial
Technical Report,22 May 2013,12 May 2017
Clinical Investigation Facility Travis AFB United States
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Due to the emergence of improvised explosive devices IEDs and the widespread use of body armor, there have been a higher proportion of orthopedic injuries from secondary blast injury than in previous conflicts. Since 2003, it is estimated that approximately 32,195 soldiers have been wounded in combat in the Iraq conflict alone. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, more than four and one half million knee arthroscopies and total knee replacements are performed worldwide each year in addition to millions of foot and ankle surgeries. These invasive procedures result in swelling and pain. The side effects of the pain medications are well known and a decrease in their use could prevent adverse effects of sedation and decreased job performance. Auricular acupuncture has been evaluated in multiple trials, and although generally proven to be useful, these trials were not rigorous. This study seeks to determine if modified Battlefield Acupuncture is more effective at relieving acute extremity pain. reducing medication use, decreasing time to full ambulation and improving quality of life than placebo acupuncture or standard care after lower extremity surgery.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Anatomy and Physiology