Accession Number:



Autonomy in Materials Research: A Case Study in Carbon Nanotube Growth (Postprint)

Descriptive Note:

Journal Article

Corporate Author:

AFRL Materials and Manufacturing Directorate Wright Patterson Air Force Base United States

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



Advances in materials are an important contributor to our technological progress, and yet the process of materials discovery and development itself is slow. Our current research process is human-centered, where human researchers design, conduct, analyze and interpret experiments, and then decide what to do next. We have built an Autonomous Research System ARESan autonomous research robot capable of first-of-its-kind closed-loop iterative materials experimentation. ARES exploits advances in autonomous robotics, artificial intelligence, data sciences, and high-throughput and in situ techniques, and is able to design, execute and analyze its own experiments orders of magnitude faster than current research methods. We applied ARES to study the synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes, and show that it successfully learned to grow them at targeted growth rates. ARES has broad implications for the future roles of humans and autonomous research robots, and for human-machine partnering. We believe autonomous research robots like ARES constitute a disruptive advance in our ability to understand and develop complex materials at an unprecedented rate.

Subject Categories:

  • Refractory Fibers
  • Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing
  • Cybernetics

Distribution Statement: