U.S. Manufacturing: Federal Programs Reported Providing Support and Addressing Trends
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States
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The U.S. manufacturing sector-representing about 12 percent of the economy and employing 12 million workers in 2015-has undergone changes over the last several decades. With increased productivity and technological innovation, the sector experienced a decreasing number of jobs and share of the economy. GAO was asked to examine how the federal government supports manufacturing. This report examines 1 how selected federal programs and tax expenditures provide support to U.S. manufacturing 2 how programs are addressing manufacturing trends and 3 the extent to which agencies measure performance and assess effectiveness in support of manufacturing generally, and advanced manufacturing specifically. GAO reviewed selected programs with a focus on manufacturing, among other criteria, and conducted a survey of these selected programs to collect data on their budget, activities, and effects. GAO also reviewed reports and interviewed agency officials and experts.