Microwave-Driven Coherent Operation of a Semiconductor Quantum Dot Charge Qubit
WISCONSIN UNIV MADISON MADISON
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A most intuitive realization of a qubit is a single electron charge sitting at two well-defined positions, such as the left and right sides of a double quantum dot. This qubit is not just simple but also has the potential for high-speed operation, because of the strong coupling of electric fields to the electron. However, charge noise also couples strongly to this qubit, resulting in rapid dephasing at nearly all operating points, with the exception of one special sweet spot. Fast dc voltage pulses have been used to manipulate semi-conductor charge qubits 1-7, but these previous experiments did not achieve high-fidelity control, because dc gating requires excursions away from the sweet spot. Here, by using resonant ac microwave driving, we achieve coherent manipulation of a semiconductor charge qubit, demonstrating an Rabi frequency of up to 2 GHz, a value approaching the intrinsic qubit frequency of 4.5 GHz. Z-axis rotations of the qubit are well-protected at the sweet spot, and by using ac gating, we demonstrate the same protection for rotations about arbitrary axes in the X-Y plane of the qubit Bloch sphere. We characterize operations on the qubit using two independent tomographic approaches standard process tomography 8, 9 and a newly developed method known as gate set tomography 10. Both approaches show that this qubit can be operated with process fidelities greater than 86 with respect to a universal set of unitary single-qubit operations.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment