Arctic ice melting will be the next global cataclysmic change that will have profound impacts on Americas national security. The Arctic comprises nearly one-sixth of the worlds total land mass and is projected to have an abundance of oil and natural gas reserves. Key maritime channels are now navigable for parts of the year and human activities are increasing due to improved access to the region. Accessible sea passages will have far-reaching impacts to global economies. As global trade routes become viable, oceanic transit shipping times decrease, markets expand, and global competition increases, political and economic friction is likely to increase which could lead to regional or global instability.