Energy transformation, transfer, and release dynamics in high speed turbulent flows
Technical Report,30 Sep 2012,30 Nov 2016
California Institute of Technology Pasadena United States
Pagination or Media Count:
Delay length for chemical-reaction initiation downstream of jet-injection was attributed to turbulent mixing and not chemical kinetics, for flows investigated. Inclined-jet injection dramatically decreases freestream-flow disturbances, relative to normal jet injection, but increases ignition distance. This penalty may be acceptable considering the lower total-pressure losses than for normal injection. New experimental techniques developed allowed non-intrusive measurement of convecting velocity fields in supersonic flows and used for validation of LES of jet-injection flow in a supersonic stream. Small-scale experiments revealed 3D behavior of scalar mixing. In DNS, the turbulent fluid-mixing behavior of fluids with variable density revealed new scaling, providing guidance for subgrid-scale modeling of variable-density flows. A new subgrid-scale SGS combustion model EVM was developed for distributed-reaction zone DRZ environments allowing efficient computation of turbulent combustion, extending to hydrocarbon combustion. Integrated in a LES of turbulent combustion of a hydrogen jet in supersonic air crossflow it captured many important flow features. Unphysical scalar excursions in finite-difference LES modeling were traced to dispersion errors of finite-difference operators. Many presentations, conference papers, and publications derived from this effort, as listed and discussed in the report.
- Fluid Mechanics