Human Health Assessment of Alcohol To Jet (ATJ) Synthetic Kerosenes
Technical Report,01 Jul 2012,30 Sep 2015
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT PATTERSON AFB OH HUMAN PERFORMANCE WING (711TH) WRIGHT PATTERSON AFB United States
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This project summarizes the toxicological investigation of two types of alcohol-to-jet ATJ fuels intended for use in a 5050 blend with the petroleum-derived jet fuel JP-8. The ATJ synthetic paraffinic kerosene SPK fuels evaluated were produced by Gevo Englewood CO. The ATJ synthetic kerosene with aromatics SKA fuels were produced by Swedish Biofuels AB Stockholm. The objective of this report is to summarize available toxicological data for ATJ fuels, to compare those fuels among themselves, with petroleum-derived JP-8, and with other alternative fuels for which toxicity data exist, and to recommend an occupational exposure limit OEL to protect military personnel exposed to these fuels. All toxicity tests were performed with the fuels following the addition of a standard additive package required for JP-8. Both types of ATJ fuels were evaluated for dermal irritation potential in rabbits and mutagenicity potential using both mammalian and bacterial methods.