Disrupting Cocaine Trafficking Networks: Interdicting a Combined Social-Functional Network Model
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA MONTEREY United States
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The U.S. military has supported U.S. law enforcement in counter drug-trafficking efforts since the1980s the interagency counterdrug approach developed during that periodand still used todayfocuses primarily on interdiction of cocaine conveyances in transit from South America to Central America. Increasing violence in the countries through which the cocaine transits is evidence that this approach is not working. Furthermore, the U.S. rebalance toward Asia and a worsening shortfall of interdiction assets signal a new strategic and operational environment that requires a counter threat network CTN approach. Instead of simply attacking a functional trafficking network, as does an interdiction-focused strategy, we combine traditional Operations Research OR maximum flow and attacker-defender problems with social network analysis to directly interdict the traffickers social-management network and the resources it provides in order to obtain indirectyet potentially more effectivedisruptions of the functional network. The Drug Trafficking Organization Social-Functional Network Interdiction DTOSFNI model described herein can be used to provide insight in order to combat the numerous trafficking organizations in a coherent mannerrather than relying upon independent, often isolated, investigationsand inform development of the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Forces OCDETF Consolidated Priority Organization Target CPOT list and its associated investigations.