Modeling Anti-Air Warfare With Discrete Event Simulation and Analyzing Naval Convoy Operations
Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
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Anti-air warfare AAW is a primary naval warfare area. Using AAW tactics and concepts of operations, this research explores the most critical success factors of convoy operations. In this study, a discrete event simulation DES was built by modeling ships, and their sensors and weapons, to simulate convoy operations under air threat. Where classified data was unavailable, assumptions were made and approximations were used in constructing the ships, weapons, and sensors. The model was used to simulate over 1.5 million naval battles varying 99 input variables using sophisticated and systematically created data combinations. To select the input settings over a specific range of input variables, a nearly orthogonal nearly balanced NOB Latin hypercube design was used. The effects of these input changes on the outputs were analyzed using partition trees and nominal logistic regression. The primary response variable was the survival of the High Value Unit HVU as a binary outcome. According to the analysis, in a convoy operation under air threat, the surface-to-air missile SAM specifications of the screen ships, the staying power of the HVU, and the anti-ship missile ASM specifications of the enemy ships had the most significant effect on the survival of the HVU.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics