Broken Mirrors: Tracing Issues in Building Partner Capacity
Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States
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Recent U.S. military engagements in fragile states have focused on building security institutions that match Western military and police models. These operations, however, have highlighted the need to reevaluate how we build host-nation security institutions from the ground up in conflict areas with varying social, religious, and ethnic concentrations. The interaction between the environment, doctrine, and technology EDT provided by U.S. government agencies has complicated the issue by locking the host nations success to ongoing U.S. support. This research uses process-tracing to examine EDT factors in two case studies U.S. advisory missions in Vietnam from 19541965, and in Afghanistan from 2001 to the present. These cases are used to analyze past and current U.S. efforts aimed at building a partners capacity to secure their own sovereign territory. Because the current U.S. model for fighting internal threats maintains a military structured for fighting external threats, a foreign partners security structure will likely collapse without continuing U.S. advisory presence and materiel support.
- Military Forces and Organizations