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Possibilities and Limitations of Flexible Work Arrangements in the Military

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Technical Report

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Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States

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Employers widely utilize flexible work arrangements FWAs both to improve employee work life balance and to increase organizational effectiveness. To date, the private sector has embraced FWA to a much larger extent than has the military. In this project, I outline the underpinnings of workplace flexibility and describe how it can potentially improve the military labor market. First, I outline a conceptual framework that addresses the work environments dynamics and complexities while assessing the most common benefits and challenges found in FWAs. Second, I outline a military-centered five-phase process that facilitates the implementation of FWAs in the military work environment. The model is not a panacea, but is instead a comprehensive starting point to help management understand the importance of workplace flexibility, the positive effects from the organizations and defense members perspectives, and the elements of an implementation plan.

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