Multispectral Image Enhancement Through Adaptive Wavelet Fusion
Technical Report,15 Sep 2015,14 Sep 2016
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk onderzoek TNO Delft Netherlands
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This research developed a multiresolution image fusion scheme based on guided filtering. Guided filtering can effectively reduce noise while preserving detail boundaries. When applied in an iterative mode, guided filtering selectively eliminates small scale details while restoring larger scale edges. The proposed multi-scale image fusion scheme achieves spatial consistency by using guided filtering both at the decomposition and at the recombination stage of the multiscale fusion process. First, size-selective iterative guided filtering is applied to decompose the source images into base and detail layers at multiple levels of resolution. Then, frequency-tuned filtering is used to compute saliency maps at successive levels of resolution. Next, at each resolution level binary weighting maps are obtained as the pixel wise maximum of corresponding source saliency maps. Guided filtering of the binary weighting maps with their corresponding source images as guidance images serves to reduce noise and to restore spatial consistency. The final fused image is obtained as the weighted recombination of the individual detail layers and the mean of the lowest resolution base layers. Application to multiband visual intensified and thermal infrared imagery demonstrates that the proposed method obtains state-of-the-art performance for the fusion of multispectral night vision images. The method has a simple implementation and is computationally efficient.