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Can Subjects be Guided to Optimal Decisions The Use of a Real-Time Training Intervention Model

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Technical Report

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Naval Postgraduate School Monterey United States

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Effective decision-making is a hallmark of military leadership, and development of decision makers is critical to military strategy. The Cognitive Alignment with Performance-Targeted Training Intervention Model CAPTTIM was developed to aid training of optimal decision-making. Cognitive state suggests a subject is exploring the decision environment as opposed to exploiting it, and decision performance classifies whether a subject is making optimal decisions. Using a color-coded structure combining cognitive state and decision performance, CAPTTIM indicates whether those factors are aligned for optimal decision-makingexploiting the environment and making optimal decisionsor not. The focus of this thesis was to identify each subjects CAPTTIM status in real time and, when decision performance was misaligned, provide feedback to influence the subjects future decisions. Through a human-subject experiment n 34, we classified decision-makers CAPTTIM status in real time. We randomly assigned 17 subjects to receive tailored feedback during execution of a decision task feedback group, and trend analysis reveals the feedback group to be more likely to reach optimal decisions than a control group. These results imply that training systems could be tailored to the individual and that methods used to instruct effective decision-making may expand to include real-time understanding and intervention.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

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