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Military Base Realignments and Closures: DOD Has Improved Environmental Cleanup Reporting but Should Obtain and Share More Information

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Technical Report

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U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States

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The environmental cleanup of bases closed under the BRAC process has historically been an impediment to the expeditious transfer of unneeded property to other federal and nonfederal parties. While DOD is obligated to ensure that former installation property is cleaned up to a level that is protective of human health and the environment, the cleanup process can delay redevelopment in communities affected by the BRAC process. The House Report accompanying the fiscal year 2016 Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill includes a provision for GAO to update its 2007 report on the environmental cleanup and transfer of installations closed under BRAC. This report addresses the extent to which DOD has made progress in 1 capturing and reporting environmental cleanup costs at installations closed under BRAC and 2 transferring excess property and mitigating any challenges. GAO reviewed DOD guidance, cost data, and property transfer data visited installations selected from among those with the highest cleanup costs, as well as other factors and interviewed DOD and service officials.

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