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Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

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Technical Report

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Congressional Research Service Washington United States

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November 2016 marked the third anniversary of the popular uprising that erupted in Kyivs Maidan Square in late 2013 over the governments decision to reject closer relations with the European Union EU. February 2017 will mark the third anniversary of the collapse of the Kremlin-favored government of Viktor Yanukovych. The regimes demise was brought about by bitter protests and by civil societys reaction to a brutal government response to the Maidan protestors. In the aftermath of the turmoil of the Maidan and the collapse of the government, Ukraine saw the emergence of a pro-Western government promising reform and generally anxious to lessen Moscows influence, as well as an energized civil society committed to pressing for the implementation of serious reform measures and determined to draw closer to the EU and the United States.The current government of President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman, appears, to many, to be moving slowly and cautiously in a positive direction, implementing much-needed government reform, addressing endemic corruption, and achieving economic progress. For some, the government has already achieved what they believe has been the most substantial reform wave seen in Ukraine in the last 25 years. Under Groysman, the adoption of a public asset and income declaration law required of all government officials has been hailed as a significant anticorruption achievement. Significant reforms also have taken place in the federal prosecutors office, energy and banking sectors, and health care system. Economic progress has begun to increase slowly as the government has reduced its budget and accounts deficits. Exports have begun to increase. Shortcomings in the rule of law that have plagued the country are also reportedly being overcome. The judicial system, however, remains a problem, and attempts to promote privatization have not been successful.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

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