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Overseas Contingency Operations: OMB and DOD Should Revise the Criteria for Determining Eligible Costs and Identify the Costs Likely to Endure Long Term

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Technical Report

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U.S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States

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Since 2001 Congress has provided over 1.6 trillion in appropriations to fund OCO. For fiscal year 2017, DOD requested 64.6 billion in funding for OCO. While DODs OCO budget request has included amounts for contingency operations primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan, more recently the request has also included other activities, such as efforts to deter Russia and reassure U.S. allies and partners. DOD acknowledges that many OCO costs are likely to endure after contingency operations cease. GAO was asked to review DODs use of OCO funds. This review assesses 1 the extent to which OMBs 2010 criteria address the activities included in DODs OCO budget request and 2 whether DOD has developed and reported an estimate of the costs being funded with OCO appropriations that are likely to endure beyond current contingency operations. GAO analyzed OMBs criteria for determining whether costs belonged in the OCO budget and reviewed DOD-provided information on its enduring OCO costs.

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