High Frequency Magneto Dielectric Effects In Self Assembled Ferrite Ferroelectric Core Shell Nanoparticles
Oakland University Rochester United States
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Magneto-dielectric effects in self-assembled core-shell nanoparticles of nickel ferrite NFO and barium titanate BTO have been investigated in the millimeter wave frequencies. The core-shell nano-composites were synthesized by coating 100 nm nickel ferrite and 50 nm barium titanate nanoparticles with complementary coupling groups and allowing them to self-assemble in the presence of a catalyst forming heterogeneous nanocomposites. Magnetoelectric ME characterization of as-assembled particles has been carried out by measurements of the relative permittivity epsilon r as a function of frequency f under an applied static magnetic field H over 16-24 GHz. Measurements show an H-induced decrease in epsilon r of 1 to 1.5. But a giant magneto-dielectric effect with an H-induced change in permittivity as high as 28 is measured under dielectric resonance in the samples. A strong ME coupling was also evident from H-tuning of dielectric resonance in the composites. A theory for the high frequency magneto-dielectric effect has been developed and consists of the following steps. First the Bruggeman model is used to estimate the effective dielectric constant for the shell consisting of the BTO particles and voids considered as spherical air-pores. Then the permittivity for the core and shell is estimated taking into consideration the sample porosity. Finally the H dependence of the permittivity due to ME interactions is calculated from the free energy considerations. Estimated epsilon rvs. H and dielectric resonance frequency vs. H characteristics are in general agreement with the data.
- Electricity and Magnetism