The Army Organic Industrial Base is a national asset that provides critical capabilities in supporting readiness for the US military. However, transitioning to peacetime coupled with budget constraints provided impediments to sustaining critical capabilities. The cyclical nature after every major war to reduce investing in developing, producing, and supporting military systems is a concern, especially sustaining the force to operate within the new Army Operating Concept. The increasing complexity of future conflict involving multiple actors operating in multiple domains requires the AOIB to remain responsive and flexible. This study explores what specific investments the government needs to make in the AOIB to ensure it remains a strategic advantage for the United States for years to come. To define these requirements, this study compares the capabilities required by the AOC with the ability of the AOIB to meet these needs under the vision laid out in the US AOIB Strategic Plan 2012-2022. This study looks at two AOIB facilities, Watervliet Arsenal and Anniston Army Depot through the lens of modernization, capacity, and public-private partnerships to assess the AOIBs ability to meet the future requirements. The AOIB requires DOD to make a long term directed investment in capability based planning to remain competitive so that it can effectively sustain the Army to operate in a complex and austere environment.